Pergamon: an introduction

I am excited to spend a few days this next week exploring some of the myriad of historical sites in the western provinces of Turkey. Top on my list of “things to see” is the ancient city of Pergamon. It is located in Bergama, Izmir Province, Turkey, just a short drive from where I live, but I’ve yet to visit the site.

It is mainly known for the steep Acropolis Theater, sure to give anyone with a fear of heights a woozy stomach.

Here, the helpful folks at Ancient History Encyclopedia give us a thorough overview of Pergamon.

Pergamon was an ancient city located in the Anatolia region, approximately 25 kilometres from the Aegean Sea in present-day Bergama, Izmir Province of Turkey. The city had great strategic value, since it overlooked the Caicus River Valley (modern name Bakırçay) which provided access from Pergamon to the Aegean coast. Pergamon reached the height of its influence during the Hellenistic period, becoming the capital of the Attalid kings. During the Roman period the city was the first capital of the Asian province, but it eventually lost this status to local rival, Ephesus.

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